Description: The worldwide number of cockroaches is an estimated 3,500 species. German cockroaches, one of the most common residential roaches are ½ to 5/8 inches long when mature, light brown to tan, and have fully developed wings.
Description: There are many different kinds of ticks with deer ticks being the most common. Deer ticks are hard ticks, 1/16 to 1/8 inches long, and orange-brown except for the head, shield behind the head, and legs which are dark reddish-brown. Their mouthparts are easily seen when viewed from above. Their bodies are flattened and shaped like a tear drop.
Description: Cat and dog fleas can be found in the same area, they are very similar in appearance. They are small in appearance. They are small, 1/8 inch long, wingless, laterally flattened, and have piercing-sucking mouthparts. The flea has very well-developed legs allowing it to jump at least six inches straight up. They are black-to-reddish brown.
Description: Bed bugs are flat, reddish-brown, oval insects about 3/16-inch long or the size of an apple seed. They appear swollen and reddish after a blood meal. A common misconception is that they are not visible to the naked eye. The name ‘bed bug’ is derived from the insect’s preferred habitat infesting houses and especially beds or other common areas where people may sleep.
Description: Eastern subterranean termites are found from Ontario southward and from the eastern U.S. seaboard as far west as Mexico. Termites are social insect which live in large colonies. There are three castes: reproductives, workers, and soldiers. Termite antennae have bead-like segments. The winged reproductive’s have a pair of equally-sized longed wings that are attached to the last two thoracic segments. The wings break off after swarming. The soldiers are wingless with white bodies, rectangular yellow-brown heads which are two times longer than their width, and have large mandibles which lack teeth.
Description: Mosquitoes are distinctive from flies because of their long “stinger” and scales on the back and veins of their wings. Mosquitoes have slender bodies with long legs. While their size varies by species, most mosquitoes are smaller than 15 millimeters in length and weigh less than 2.5 milligrams. Although mosquitoes appear fragile, they are extremely resilient insects that prey on a variety of animals.
Description: Adult earwigs are Â¼ to 1-inch long, dark brown to black, with a red head and pale yellow-brown legs. Earwigs usually have two pair of wings, the hind wings being fully developed and folded beneath the short, leathery front wings. The most notable characteristic are the pincher-like appendages at the end of the abdomen, the forceps.
Description: The newly hatched silverfish nymphs look exactly like tiny adults, and therefore it is known that these are insects that undergo simple metamorphosis.
Description: House crickets are about ¾ to 7/8 inches long and yellow-brown or straw colored with three dark banks across the top of the head.
Biology: Outdoors, female house crickets lay on average of 728 eggs in protected areas. Eggs are in the overwintering stage outdoors. The eggs hatch in late spring, and nymphs reach the adult stage by late summer. House crickets in the wild have only one generation per year.
Box Elder Bugs
Description: Adult box elder bugs are ½-inch long and brown-black with three red stripes on the thorax and red veins in the wings.
Description: Adult furniture carpet beetles are 1/16 to 1.8 inches long. The underside of the body is white.
Description: Springtails are very small, whitish-gray or light-colored insects, measuring 1/32-1/8 inches long. They get their name from a forked appendage attached to the end of the abdomen which can be bent under the body and, when released helps the insect to “spring-forward” much like a flea.
Description: Clover Mite adults are about 1/64- inch long and reddish brown to olive green in color. Their body shape is similar to that of ticks.